Bipolar Depression Symptoms
There are two types of bipolar disorder: bipolar I and bipolar II. Bipolar I requires a symptom called mania to be present; depression does not have to be present for the diagnosis to be made. Bipolar II requires a symptom named hypomania to be present.
Mania is manifested as:
- Distractibility (poorly focused)
- Insomnia (decreased need for sleep)
- Grandiosity (inflated self-esteem)
- Flight of ideas (jumping from one thought to another, racing thoughts)
- Increased goal-directed activities
- Pressured speech (or more talkative)
- Risk-taking behaviors (sexual, financial)
Hypomania is a less severe form of mania and patients are usually able to maintain their jobs, as opposed to patients who are manic.
Depression is manifested as:
- Insomnia (2-4 am awakening)
- Decreased interest in activities
- Guilt (feelings of worthlessness)
- Fatigue (loss of energy)
- Concentration (indecisiveness)
- Weight loss (decreased appetite)
- Psychomotor agitation or retardation (restlessness or slowing down)
- Suicidal thoughts (intent with/without a plan)
With medications called mood stabilizers (i.e., Lithium, Depakote, Tegretol, etc.) and psychotherapy widely available, patients can lead a happy and productive life in society!
If you or anyone you know is suffering from Bipolar Disorder, please seek immediate medical attention!
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